The hottest tomato harvester may usher in a new ro

2022-09-19
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The tomato harvester may usher in a new round of collision

on March 12, the Ministry of finance, the national development and Reform Commission and other six ministries and commissions jointly issued the "notice on adjusting the import tax policy of major technical equipment", which made it clear that from April 1, the catalogue of equipment and products related to the import of major technical equipment, the catalogue of imported key parts and raw materials, and the catalogue of equipment and products that are not tax-free will be adjusted. In the catalogue of major technical equipment and products supported by the state for development, a total of 9 kinds of new and high-power agricultural equipment are involved. These 9 kinds of agricultural machinery will be exempted from tariffs and import value-added tax according to different sales requirements. Among them, tomato harvester is a new project. The tax exemption condition for imported tomato harvesters is to hold contract orders, and the harvesting capacity is required to exceed 35 tons/hour

as a major technical equipment supported by the state, tomato harvesters are exempt from tariffs and import value-added tax. Will this good news make imported tomato harvesters occupy a larger market share? Where will the domestic tomato harvester go

after several twists and turns, domestic tomato harvesters are becoming more and more mature

Xinjiang is the main production area of tomato planting in China, with a tomato planting area of about 1million mu, of which the tomato planting area of Xinjiang production and Construction Corps (hereinafter referred to as Xinjiang Corps) is 450000 mu, and the annual output exceeds more than 50% of the total tomato production in China. In previous years, artificial harvesting was widely used in tomato harvesting in China, which not only has high labor intensity and low efficiency, but also is in short supply of labor in the tomato harvest season, and the harvest cost is very high. In 1998, Xinjiang production and Construction Corps introduced 10 Italian self-propelled tomato harvesters for the first time, creating a precedent for the mechanization of tomato harvesting in China. After the sales profit margin was 5.5%, more than 100 Italian, German and American tomato harvesters were introduced successively, which made the level of tomato harvesting mechanization soar to more than 70%, further improving the local tomato production capacity, reducing the tomato harvesting cost and increasing farmers' income

in 2004, Xinjiang began the independent research and development of tomato harvesters while learning from foreign advanced technology. Having experienced the failure of the traction tomato harvester, in 2010, the first domestic self-propelled tomato harvester jointly developed by the school of mechanical and electrical engineering of Shihezi University and Shida ruituo mechanical equipment Co., Ltd. was put into use

Xinjiang began to develop tomato harvesters in 2004. From the initial traction harvester to the current self-propelled harvester, the road of research and development of tomato harvesters in China can be described as twists and turns. The traction harvester originally developed is mainly side traction, which is very easy to crush tomatoes. It also requires manual road opening during harvest, which is not easy to operate, and it is difficult to turn when working in the field. Later, the self-propelled harvester was developed, and the picking device was designed first, which did not need manual opening and would not crush tomatoes. The effect was very good. The self-propelled tomato harvester not only wastes less when harvesting, but also has good harvest quality. The harvested tomatoes are clean, and the one-time removal of green fruits, soil, tomato seedlings and other impurities is effective, and the quality and performance are greatly improved

competing on the same stage, who will compete with the two armies?

"although the domestic tomato harvester is constantly improving, compared with the imported tomato harvester, the domestic harvester is far behind." Li Shengjun, director of the Agricultural Machinery Bureau of Xinjiang production and Construction Corps, pointed out the disadvantages of domestic and imported tomato harvesters in terms of price, quality and performance

in terms of price, domestic tomato harvesters are cheaper than imported harvesters. At first, when producing tomato harvesters, the cost of domestic machines was about 1/3 less than that of imported machines. Now that prices have risen, the cost of machines in the past two years has also fallen by about 1/5. After the state adjusted the import tax policy of major technical equipment, although the imported harvester was exempted from tariffs of nearly 13%, the price of the imported harvester after Exemption from tariffs is still 1. The computer-based universal material testing machine is installed in a clean, dry, vibration free room with a room temperature of 20 ℃ ± 10 ℃, which is much higher than the domestic machine

in terms of quality, the key parts of tomato harvesters still need to be imported because there is no large-scale production of domestic tomato harvesters, and the spare parts can not keep up with the lack of unified production standards

in terms of performance, it has obvious advantages to import tomato harvesters and further establish a production plant in its Krefeld Uerdingen plant. The efficiency of domestic machines is low. For machines with the same configuration, the picking capacity of imported machines can reach 40 mu/day, while that of domestic machines is only mu/day. There is a certain gap between the quality of domestic harvesters and imported harvesters, and there are more failures in operation

looking to the future, domestic tomato harvesters have great potential

facing the future development direction of tomato harvesters, Li Shengjun, director of the Bureau of agricultural machinery of Xinjiang production and Construction Corps, believes that domestic tomato harvesters have great potential in the future for three reasons

first, price is the biggest advantage. At present, domestic tomato harvesters only need about 1.2 million yuan. If large-scale production is formed, the cost will be lower, but the price of imported harvesters is usually 10000 yuan, with a maximum of 3million yuan, which is much higher

secondly, imported tomato harvesters also have adaptability problems, such as small picking format, slow speed, etc., while the R & D projects of domestic tomato harvesters are still improving, and the future development potential is still great

third, since the planting area of tomatoes in Xinjiang is only one million mu, and the existing more than 200 tomato harvesters are enough to complete the harvest task, it should not import a large number of new machines

according to the analysis of relevant people from Xinjiang Agricultural Machinery Bureau, the exemption of tariff and import value-added tax on Tomato harvesters this time will speed up the mechanization of tomatoes in Xinjiang and reduce the purchase cost, but domestic enterprises should pay more attention to independent research and development, learn from foreign advanced technology, and promote the development of mechanized harvesting of tomatoes in China

it can be seen that the development potential of tomato harvesters in China is huge, and the R & D capacity of self-propelled harvesters is 6 The unsharpness of various signs on the electronic productivity experimental machine will continue to increase. It is expected that the output of tomato harvesters will reach about 20 this year. Domestic tomato harvesters will provide strong support for expanding and strengthening China's tomato industry

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